CB Blog

CB Blog

January 4, 2018 by Ryan Kitchen

The pros and cons of deferred grain income

When the federal budget was announced last March, many missed the announcement of a consultation program exploring whether or not the Canadian government should continue allowing farmers to defer grain income. Part of the government’s efforts to promote a fair tax system, this program gave everyone affected by this issue an opportunity to provide input. There are several credible arguments for and against deferred grain income, but these are the most widespread and persuasive positions.

November 23, 2017 by Robert Fischer

How AgriInvest and AgriStability are changing

AgriInvest and AgriStability are two government subsidy programs that have been extremely valuable to Canadian farmers in recent years. AgriInvest allows farmers to put a percentage of their sales into a fund, where these contributions are matched by the government. The idea is to put money away in your best years, creating a cushion if you are ever short of cash or need extra funds to pay for equipment and supplies. 

November 21, 2017 by Denver Nicklas

How good records benefit your farm

Even if you run a successful farm business, there is probably room for improvement in your record-keeping. Good records provide a snapshot of your operation and a more precise sense of where your business is throughout the year. 

July 31, 2017 by Leanne Alexander

Using replacement property to defer capital gains on farmland

With replacement property rules, you can purchase farmland to replace a previous piece of farmland sold – as long as it’s used in the same (or a similar) business – and elect to defer any capital gain that might be incurred. Replacement might occur for the following reasons:

(a) farmers swap land with neighbours due to proximity to their farm business
(b) land is expropriated by government bodies and farmers find replacement land to continue their operations
(c) succession planning

December 21, 2016 by Ryan Kitchen

The advantages of leasing farm equipment

Historically, farmers running successful businesses have preferred buying equipment to leasing, as it allows them to own assets with value that they can sell in the future. Many farmers also believe there is a stigma associated with leasing, as it suggests that that they can’t afford to buy farm equipment and, therefore, don’t have a healthy farm. However, there are many overlooked advantages to leasing, rather than buying. For farmers who are struggling to obtain financing – or simply want to consider the alternatives – leasing is usually a viable option.

November 29, 2016 by Luther VanGilst

Changes in quota rules for corporate farming businesses

For farmers, the quota system is in place for supply-managed commodities. In Canada, that includes milk, eggs, chicken, turkey and hatching eggs. Essentially, you have to own a license to be able to sell any of those commodities. Under the current rules for corporate businesses (which are still in effect until January 1, 2017), half of the gain is tax-free and the other half is taxed like it’s business income. For the 50% that is taxed, you’d probably pay at a rate of 26.5% under the current rules (all rates in this post are Ontario rates). As of January 1, 2017, you will still pay tax on the same amount of income, but instead of it being considered active business income, it will be considered investment income. In light of these changes, here are a few issues farmers planning to sell quota should keep in mind.

September 14, 2016 by John Bujold

Succession planning? Here’s why you want to gift the farm

There can be a significant amount of wealth tied-up in farm businesses—including partnerships and corporations—and there are opportunities in the succession process to distribute that wealth on a tax-free or tax-deferred basis. Much of this wealth is eligible for capital gains exemptions, allowing it to pass on to the next generation, so that they can continue farming without a heavy debt burden. If you’re in the process of planning the succession of your farming business, it’s important to consider taking advantage of gifting, as it allows you to apply tax benefits to farming assets.

June 28, 2016 by Larry Batte, Mike Andrews

How to build your dream (succession planning) team

Preparing a succession plan for your farm is a complex undertaking that requires many types of expertise. It’s imperative that the advisors involved in the process – like an accountant, financial advisor, lawyer, family dynamics advisor and any other required expert – are all collaboratively on the same page, ensuring your plan a success.

May 27, 2016 by Thomas Blonde

Farm businesses! Make the most of government funding

Due to the complexity of government subsidy and funding programs and the many steps involved in applying for them, farmers don’t always take advantage of the opportunities available to them. In some cases, farmers who already rely on one program mistakenly believe that there’s nothing else out there for them. That may not be the case, however.